Legal Terminology and Law Definition of Family Law

condonation
the act of forgiving one's spouse who has committed an act of wrongdoing that would constitute a ground for divorce. Condonation generally is proven by living and cohabiting with the spouse after learning that the wrongdoing was committed. It often is used as a defense to a divorce. … Full Definition »
Law topic: Divorce & Separation << Legal issue: Family Law
fault divorce
A fault divorce is only granted if one of the spouses is legally at fault. Today about two-thirds of states still offer some form of fault divorce when marital misconduct has been proved. In a fault divorce the petitioner (the person asking for the divorce) must prove that an act by his or her spouse constitutes marital misconduct and provides a legal … Full Definition »
Law topic: Divorce & Separation << Legal issue: Family Law
foster child
Children that are in the legal guardianship or custody of a state, county, or private adoption or foster care agency, yet are cared for by foster parents in their own homes, under some kind of short-term or long-term foster care arrangement with the custodial agency. These children will generally remain in foster care until they are reunited with their … Full Definition »
Law topic: Divorce & Separation << Legal issue: Family Law
guardian
A legally responsible person. A person that protects another. Parents are generally considered guardians of their children. A married woman is a joint guardian of her children with her husband, with equal powers, rights and duties in regard to them. Upon the death of either father or mother, the surviving parent of a child likely to be born, or of … Full Definition »
Law topic: Divorce & Separation << Legal issue: Family Law
guardian ad litem
In most jurisdictions, an attorney, before entering upon his duties as a guardian ad litem shall file a consent to act and a statement of no interest adverse to or in conflict with the person under disability. Guardians ad item shell be compensated for their services. I.g, in NY, they can be paid either from the estate,or the interest of the person … Full Definition »
Law topic: Divorce & Separation << Legal issue: Family Law
mediation
Mediation means a process in which a mediator facilitates communication and negotiation between parties to assist them in reaching a voluntary agreement regarding their dispute. Mediation is often used in family related disputes such as divorce, child custody or visitation determination. A specially trained person called mediator helps two opposing … Full Definition »
Law topic: Divorce & Separation << Legal issue: Family Law
minor
Minor means a person under 18 years of age whose disabilities have not been removed by marriage or otherwise. (FL Probate Court, PART II, Sec. 731.110) … Full Definition »
Law topic: Family Law << Legal issue: Family Law
no fault divorce
In a no-fault divorce action, spouses can terminate a marriage at will. The spouse suing for divorce does not have to prove that the other spouse did something wrong. In a no-fault divorce, it is irrelevant who did what to whom that caused the marriage to break down. The only important matter is that there is no reasonable chance of reconciliation. One … Full Definition »
Law topic: Divorce & Separation << Legal issue: Family Law
palimony
a substitute for alimony for unmarried couples that have lived together for a long period and then terminated their relationship. The key issue is whether there was an agreement that one partner would support the other in return for the second making a home and performing other domestic duties beyond sexual service. Written palimony contracts are rare, … Full Definition »
Law topic: Divorce & Separation << Legal issue: Family Law
Persons of full age
Persons of full age. – (a) Notwithstanding any general or public law or provision of the common law to the contrary, all persons who have attained the age of eighteen (18) years shall be deemed to be persons of full legal age. (b) These persons shall have all the duties and obligations, rights, and privileges imposed or granted by law upon those persons … Full Definition »
Law topic: Divorce & Separation << Legal issue: Family Law
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spousal support
Spousal support can be defined as the payment for support of an ex-spouse (or a spouse while a divorce is pending) ordered by the court. spousal support is more commonly called alimony. Spousal support is calculated based on the length of the marriage, both parties' income, standard of living, etc. … Full Definition »
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