Legal definition of bankruptcy court
Personal Bankruptcy Legal Terminology

bankruptcy court

The specialized federal court created to deal with bankruptcy matters under the Federal Bankruptcy Act There are several bankruptcy courts in each state, and each one's territory covers several counties.

The procedural aspects of the bankruptcy process are governed by the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure (often called the "Bankruptcy Rules") and local rules of each bankruptcy court. The Bankruptcy Rules contain a set of official forms for use in bankruptcy cases. The Bankruptcy Code and Bankruptcy Rules (and local rules) set forth the formal legal procedures for dealing with the debt problems of individuals and businesses.

The court official with decision-making power over federal bankruptcy cases is the United States bankruptcy judge.

A debtor's involvement with the bankruptcy judge is usually very limited. A typical chapter 7 debtor will not appear in court and will not see the bankruptcy judge unless an objection is raised in the case. A chapter 13 debtor may only have to appear before the bankruptcy judge at a plan confirmation hearing.
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