Legal definition of Creditor
Credit Cards Fraud Legal Terminology
\ ˈkɒn.trækt \ "Creditor" means:
(i) a party:
(A) who regularly extends consumer credit that is subject to a finance charge or is payable by written agreement in more than four installments, not including a down payment; and
(B) to whom the obligation is initially payable, either on the face of the note or contract, or by agreement when there is no note or contract;
(ii) an issuer of a credit card that extends either open-end credit or credit that:
(A) is not subject to a finance charge; and
(B) is not payable by written agreement in more than four installments; and
(iii) an issuer of a credit card that extends closed-end credit that:
(A) is subject to a finance charge; or
(B) is payable by written agreement in more than four installments.
(b) (i) For purposes of this Subsection (3), a party is considered to extend consumer credit regularly only if the party extends credit in the preceding calendar year:
(A) more than 25 times; or
(B) more than five times for a transaction secured by a dwelling.
(ii) If a person does not meet the numerical standards described in Subsection (3)(b)(i) in the preceding calendar year, the numerical standards shall be applied to the current calendar year.
(Title 70C, Chapter 1, Sec.302)
Source: Utah Code / Constitution. website
A creditor is a party (e.g. person, organization, company, or government) that has a claim to the services of a second party. It is a person or institution to whom money is owed. The first party, in general, has provided some property or service to the second party under the assumption (usually enforced by contract) that the second party will return an equivalent property or service. The second party is frequently called a debtor or borrower. The first party is the creditor, which is the lender of property, service or money.
Any person who extends credit, or any person claiming by, under, or through such a person.
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