Legal Terminology and Law Definition of Personal Injury

a fortiori
To draw the inference that because a certain thing is true, then another thing must be true as well. From Latin "even more so", or “with even stronger reason". Thus, if Winnie the Pooh can not lift a pot with honey, a Piglet can not lift it a fortiori. … Full Definition »
Law topic: Car Accidents << Legal issue: Personal Injury
a priori
Literal translation: from earlier Definition and use: an argument derived from previous event … Full Definition »
Law topic: Personal Injury << Legal issue: Personal Injury
a priori assumption
(ah-pree-ory) n. from Latin, an assumption that is true without further proof or need to prove it. It is assumed the sun will come up tomorrow. However, it has a negative side: an a priori assumption made without question on the basis that no analysis or study is necessary, can be mental laziness when the reality is not so certain. … Full Definition »
Law topic: Car Accidents << Legal issue: Personal Injury
affidavit
An affidavit is a written sworn statement of fact voluntarily made by an affiant or deponent under an oath or affirmation administered by a person authorized to do so by law. Such statement is witnessed as to the authenticity of the affiant's signature by a taker of oaths, such as a notary public or commissioner of oaths … Full Definition »
Law topic: Car Accidents << Legal issue: Personal Injury
bad faith
is a legal concept in which a malicious motive on the part of a party in a lawsuit undermines their case. Bad faith examples: a person acts in bad faith if he received the money (check) that was intended for another person; after a lawsuit for a debt was filed, a husband transfers title to the home to his wife trying to defraud the creditors. … Full Definition »
Law topic: Car Accidents << Legal issue: Personal Injury
false imprisonment
Intentional physical confinement of a person without that person’s consent. The following elements must be present to have bona fide case: the act of detention must be physical and volitional; intent to confine; actual occurrence of detention; awareness of a detained person that he/she was confined without legal authority. … Full Definition »
Law topic: Intentional Torts << Legal issue: Personal Injury
incorporate by reference
A doctrine of the common law, by which a person may state in his will that certain property is to be disposed of by a separate document, describing the place where the document will be found. Three requirements must generally be met in order for such a document to be given effect: 1.It must have existed at the time the will was executed. 2.The will … Full Definition »
Law topic: Car Accidents << Legal issue: Personal Injury
penalty
a fine imposed by law or an agreement for violation of certain laws or agreement terms. … Full Definition »
Law topic: Car Accidents << Legal issue: Personal Injury
strict liability
a legal doctrine that makes a persons responsible for damages their actions or failure to act cause, regardless of any "fault" on their part. Plaintiff if such action does not have to prove "negligence". See also: liability, negligence . … Full Definition »
Law topic: Intentional Torts << Legal issue: Personal Injury
vicarious liability
vicarious liability - liability of an employer for acts of his employee, or liability of a master for the act / failure to act by a servant. The owner of an automobile can be held vicariously liable for negligence committed by a person to whom the car has been loaned, as if the owner was a principal and the driver his or her agent, if the driver is using … Full Definition »
Law topic: Intentional Torts << Legal issue: Personal Injury
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bad faith
is a legal concept in which a malicious motive on the part of a party in a lawsuit undermines their case. Bad faith examples: a person acts in bad faith if he received the money (check) that was intended for another person; after a lawsuit for a debt was filed, a husband transfers title to the home to his wife trying to defraud the creditors. … Full Definition »
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